You may have heard these ideas being tossed around, however one might not actually have a clue what they are, then again, they sound hostile. One may presume that it’s a spot (or places) where malicious attackers wander or one may have additionally known about the claimed intellectual dark web’, yet that simply makes matters much all the more befuddling. The Internet is a gigantically immense place, comprised of billions of individual destinations that are associated with each other in different, unpredictable ways. Despite the fact that Internet activities engulf our advanced lives, the Internet has just been around for a couple of decades. This is a general brief timeframe relative with the course of mankind’s set of experiences. Nonetheless, innovation develops at a particularly fast rate that it very well may be viewed as abundant technological lifetimes.
These days, there is a surge of information, including illegal activities like child pornography, which is making individuals bloodless. Furthermore, individuals appropriate medications through obscure unknown channels. Specifically, most exchanges are being made through the Deep Web, the dark way. “Deep Web alludes to an encoded network that isn’t identified on internet searcher like Google and so forth. Clients should utilize Tor to visit destinations on the dark web. All in all, the Dark Web utilizes Tor’s encryption. In this way, clients can visit different destinations on the dark Web, however not have the faintest idea about the initiator of the website. [Reference]
There are different terms like deep web, dark web, surface web to name a few that are confused pretty easily. Consider, the example of an iceberg. If the iceberg were to represent the internet, the visible 20% would be the one, also known as surface web, where all of us get access to google and other websites. Whereas on the other hand, the submerged or hidden part of the iceberg, can be related to the deep web and the dark web. The following section will explore a gist about both these concepts, some implications and what these websites are about. Though, the size of this web is humongous, the following information just represents a drop from the ocean.
The Deep Web is worldwide web content that is not included as a part of the surface Web. It is hidden from the outside world, so standard search engines do not index it. It is the largest expanding category of new information on the Internet. The total quantity of the deep web is 1000-2000X greater than the quantity of the surface Web. As per dictionary.com, the definition says “the portion of the internet which is hidden and not shown from conventional search engines, as by encryption; the aggregate of unindexed websites.” Their crawlers don’t ‘see’ these pages, making them de facto invisible to these search engines. This means that in order to access one of these pages, you need to either know their exact address (link) or to click on another link once you get in the deep side of the web.
On the other hand, the dark web is a layer even deeper: technically also part of the deep web, which creates an additional requirement of the user to know where to exactly visit in terms of the url, but focused on illegal activities and services. It can be pretty gruesome. Some people call it the place where humanity’s darkest side surfaces. All its data is encrypted. To access it, you need special software, configurations, or authorization. It uses masked IP addresses, which accessible only with a specific web browser. For example, Tor, I2P, Freenet, etc. A 2019 study, Into the Web of Profit, conducted by Dr. Michael McGuires at the University of Surrey, shows that things have become worse. The number of dark web listings that could harm an enterprise has risen by 20% since 2016. Of all listings (excluding those selling drugs), 60% could potentially harm enterprises. [Reference]
The terms “dark net” and “deep web” are sporadically used interchangeably. The dark net is part of the greater deep web. The deep web encompasses all unindexed sites that don’t show up when you do an Internet search. Not all activities related with the deep web are evil. By and large, these pages are not accessible through conventional channels since they are password-protected and secured and require explicit devices or approval (like a sign in) to get to them. Individual email, internet banking, and other comparable locales are incorporated under the umbrella of the “deep web.” Though this article only covers bits and pieces of information at a very basic level of understanding, the future articles will explore each of them individually on a much broader and an unfathomable scale.